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Autism & ABA Therapy

Home Autism & ABA Therapy
What is ABA Therapy?
Behavior analysis is the scientific study of behavior. Behavior analysts ask “Why does behavior change over time?” They seek answers by looking at the biological and environmental factors, although they are primarily interested in the role of environment in behavior change. Many behavior analysts do either basic or applied research. Others specialize in applying behavior change principles to enhancing the quality of life. Essentially, “applied behavior analysis” is the science of understanding behavior and the impact of the physical or social environment on behavior.

 

Scientific Study
Biological Factors

 

Role of Environment
Behavior Change
Therapy for Children
What is ABA Therapy?

Applied Behavior Analysis or ABA therapy is conducted by a Behavior therapist under the supervision of a board certified behavior analyst (BCBA). Before therapy begins, your BCBA seeks to understand the learning, emotional challenges or environmental triggers that underlie problematic behaviors. Based on observations from this assessment, a care plan is created.

What is Behavior Plan?

A behavior plan contains thoughtfully chosen established procedures for teaching new skills that seek to reduce problematic behaviors. Therapists use a variety of current research supported approaches to building verbal and adaptive skills. Additionally, our BCBAs train caregivers on how to respond to everyday learning, emotional and behavior challenges and how to reinforce the skills developed during therapy sessions.

What to Expect?

You can expect a fully trained and professional behavior therapist who will come to your house on a consistent prearranged schedule to work with your child. Your behavior therapist will work under the supervision of your BCBA to implement the care plan that has been put in place.

Real-Time Observations

Behavior analysts observe an individual in their daily environments, to assess skills and any behavior patterns. Data will be collected during observations.

  • Skills assessment: language, social, self‐help, fine/gross motor, play skills
  • Behavior assessment: Precursors, specifics, outcomes
  • Environment: How does the environment affect behavior?

Based on the information gleaned from interviews and observations, your behavior analyst will devise a behavior plan that addresses behaviors and skills. All methods applied by the behavior analyst are based on the principles and procedures developed by applied behavior analysis research and application.

We will conduct diagnostic interviews with parents and/or caregivers to gain a full understanding of the individual engaging in therapy, and his/her overall experience. We are looking for:

Medical History
Developmental History
Family History
Environment and Behavior
Individual Concerns

Applied Behavior Analysis and Autism.

Applied behavior analysis has been helping children with autism spectrum disorder and related developmental disorders since the 1960s. Applying the principles and methods of applied behavior analysis, a behavior therapist will work with a child or adult with autism to address socially significant behaviors — for example, communication and social skills, toileting, dressing, domestic and work skills, and play skills. Applying decades of research, analysts have a toolbox of techniques to help teach useful skills to child and adult learners with autism. Methods include teaching skills in the natural environment, modeling, using task-based schedules and reinforcement, teaching a child how to respond to social bids from others, and modifying environmental situations. Therapy is often conducted one-to-one or in a low analyst-to-client ratio setting. Therapy options can be intensive—more than 25 hours a week for a period of 1-3 years—or planned according to a less intensive schedule in which therapy can meet its goals. Early intervention therapy for children below the age of four is available, as are approaches that suit all ages throughout childhood to adult years.

Key Autism Services Can Help With Many Behavior Challenges

Applied behavior analysis can be a very effective way to help children
of all ages experiencing a wide variety of problem behaviors.

Behavior Challenges

Its established and field-tested methods allow for assessments that develop a clear understanding of why behaviors occur and what the environment triggers and reinforcements are that support those behaviors. Using the science and study of behavior and behavior change, a behavior analyst is trained to create behavior plans that address problem behaviors. Therapy based on behavior plans relevant to the environment and that are designed with the individual in mind lead to meaningful and measurable goals that improve the lives of both the child and his/her family.

Autism Therapy
The principles employed by Key Autism Services can help mitigate the effects of behaviors – providing everyday support for small hurdles to intensive therapy for frequent, chronic problem behaviors. Key Autism Services can reduce problem behaviors such as, but not limited to, running away, hurting others by throwing objects, biting, or kicking, self-regulation issues, refusing to speak or severe behavior that restricts everyday living. The duration and intensity of therapy required depend on individual factors; data accumulated during assessments and the consideration of goals help behavior analysts assess what structure to apply to behavior plans that address problem behaviors.